Sunday, July 03, 2005

Licitatii/lege/aplicare tipica

Uniunea Europeana nu permite contracte publice fara licitatie decit foarte greu. La noi licitatiile se faceau mai dificil. Intr-un punct de vedere oficial, Comisia Europeana ne bate obrazul. Uniunea Europeana confirma: contractele guvernamentale cu atribuire din sursa unica sint ilegale in Uniunea Europeana. Intrucit Romania nu este membru UE, nu este obligata sa aplice prevederile europene. Asta nu scuteste statul roman de orice responsabilitate. Raportul de tara de care depinde integrarea Romaniei va cuprinde aceste abateri la capitolul Concurenta. „Cotidianul“ a cerut o pozitie oficiala din partea Directoratul General Piata Interna si Servicii al Comisiei Europene: contractele publice cu achizitie dintr-o singura sursa fara licitatie contravin legilor concurentei din Europa?Este legal faptul ca statul roman a semnat contracte exclusive cu anumite companii in domenii in care exista societati concurente cel putin la fel de performante. In interiorul Uniunii Europene, regulile care guverneaza procedura de acordare a contractelor publice sint facute in baza legii achizitiilor publice, care prevede pentru anumite niveluri si principii ale Tratatului politici specifice. Este impotriva regulilor liberei concurente sa excluzi, ca stat, anumite companii din sistemul achizitiilor publice?In conformitate cu aceleasi principii si directive, toate autoritatile publice trebuie sa asigure un tratament nediscriminatoriu, egal, libera concurenta si transparenta tuturor contractelor publice. Este impotriva legilor concurentei sa nu organizezi o licitatie publica in aceste conditii?In anumite cazuri specifice, bine justificate, sint permise anumite exceptii de la regula. Cum ar fi in domeniul apararii, contractele declarate secrete sau care cer masuri de securitate specifice, acordate in baza unei acord international sau urmind procedura unei organizatii internationale. Utilizarea procedurii de negociere directa cu sau fara anunt public mai poate fi facuta doar in anumite circumstante specifice. La final, va amintim ca - cu exceptia cazurilor din UE – pentru proiectele finantate unde se aplica regulile de achizitie publica, Romania nu este legal obligata sa le aplice legile de achizitie ale UE. La acest moment, nerespectarea acestor legi va fi interpretata doar in contextul politic al procesului de pre-aderare la Uniunea Europeana. ...din presa Romaneasca

4 comments:

Agentia de Arbitraj si Mediare Contractuala said...

Monday, April 10, 2006
Serviciul de Informatii Elkorg: EURO, sfarsitul reciclarii petrodolarului si inceputul marii crize economice

Serviciul de Informatii Elkorg: EURO, sfarsitul reciclarii petrodolarului si inceputul marii crize economice

Anonymous said...

AGENTIA DE ARBITRAJ SI MEDIERE CONTRACTUALA-confidential srl.
Str. Arh. Hirjeu nr. 10 sector 2. BUCURESTI, ROMANIA.
Tel.: 040.21.321-6125 Mobil: 040.724581078 sau 040.744654174
C.U.I : 14886254 ; Nr. Registrul Comertilui : J/9165/18.09.2002
ACTIVITATI DE JUSTITIE, DE AFACERI EXTERNE, APARARE NATIONALA




ARBITRATION


Arbitration is a private process in which the parties submit their dispute for decision by a Judge. Arbitration can be voluntary or by contract. The decision of the arbitrator is usually binding, although in some cases the parties can submit to non-binding arbitration.

Arbitration often results in a legal ruling in less time and with less expense than when litigating in a public court.


Arbitration is an adversarial process. Attorneys often submit briefs and supporting documentation as they would for a court trial. Evidence, including witness testimony, documentary and physical evidence may be offered.


Before rendering a decision, the Judge weighs the evidence and the rule of law as in a public court. Arbitration decisions are usually given in writing within thirty days following the final hearing.

Arbitration can be cost effective by reducing the amount of time required to prepare and present a case and by having a decision rendered in a timely fashion.

Choose one Specialist to decide the issues as they arise.
If you have a complex dispute and there are many parties involved, you need a Special Master/Referee to decide issues as they arise. A Private Judge will be assigned to work with you on all issues until resolution. There's no reason you have to wait for months to get a decision on interim legal issues such as discovery and law and motion.




Choose a Referee to review confidential documents and decide whether they must be disclosed.

You may be part of a large lawsuit where many parties have been named, but many smaller disputes are anticipated in addition to the main issues.


The parties may have disagreements about whether they should exchange documents, whether any of those documents contain trade secrets or proprietary information. Your boss or client may not want to go to court because of fear the documents will be seen by competitors or others. An experienced Arbitration Judge is needed to confidentially review the documents and decide.




Choose a Special Master for disputes that involve many parties, when coordination is essential to find a fair outcome.
Example: A class action lawsuit has been filed and there are parties to the lawsuit in many parts of the country and lawyers in several jurisdictions may be involved. A respected, experienced, retired judge is needed to coordinate the case and help in selecting the best dispute resolution to fit the facts and needs of the parties. Choose a referee with skills in managing large group litigation.


MEDIATION


Mediation is a private voluntary process in which the Private Judge facilitates communication among and between parties to promote a settlement. The Judge does not make the decision on the relative responsibilities of the parties or damages to be paid by one party to the other.


Most mediations involve all parties to the dispute, along with their attorneys. Sometimes insurance representatives and other advisors are included. Issues and possible outcomes are discussed in a controlled and collaborative process. The Private Judge serves as an impartial, neutral, and balanced facilitator to insure that points of view are explored and possible settlement opportunities are fully explored.
In typical cases attorneys will submit briefs and supporting documentation for review before the settlement conference. Less complex cases can usually be settled with one "all-hands" conference in one day or less.


Mediation and settlement discussions are confidential under some governmental law. Statements that are made and positions that are taken in the course of mediation cannot be used in court should the case fail to settle.


Mediation can be particularly effective to peacefully settle disputes among people who have continuing business ties. Parties are free to explore creative options outside the adversarial process of litigation. Mediation is cost effective because settlement can often be reached early in the litigation process before large sums have been spent on discovery proceedings.
A mediated settlement can be reduced to written agreement that is enforceable in most jurisdictions.








*SCHEDULE OF FEES*


ARBITRATION CASE REVIEW
• The Arbitration Judge reviews your case documents and discusses settlement options.
• Fee: US $500 per party for up to 30 pages submission.


MEDIATION
• The Arbitration Judge works with parties to facilitate an agreement.
• Fee: US $2000 to US $5000 per party per day.

ARBITRATION - PROCEDURE
• The Arbitration Judge, after weighing the evidence and the law, renders a decision.
• Cases billed on a project basis, based on the time and complexity of the dispute.



Arbitration by international treaties.
• Cases billed on a project basis, based on the time and complexity of the dispute.
• Administration Fee: US $2,800.

Referee/ Special Master
• The Arbitration Judge will manage complex cases.
• Referee discovery, fact finding, pro tem, focus juries.
• Preside at private trial.
• Fees to be determined per task.


CONTACT:


Mircea Halaciuga, Esq. Arbitration Judge
European Commission Expert, Member Int'l Bar Association
arbitraj@aol.com
0040724581078
http://arbitraj.blogspot.com/
http://hometown.aol.com/arbitraj/myhomepage/business.html

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Anonymous said...

UE - Pericolul unei a doua URSS

Victor RONCEA











Nu conteaza cine voteaza, conteaza cine numara voturile, spunea Stalin, conducatorul URSS. Seful UE, Jose Manuel Durao Barroso, care si eI a cochetat in tinerete cu ideologia comunista, pare sa fie astazi gelos pe puterile lui Iosif Visaroniovici Djugajvili Stalin, cand e vorba de votul Irlandei."NU inseamna NU!", spun irlandezii, cetateni europeni egali in drepturi cu orice alti cetateni ai UE. Cu toate acestea, "ingaduitoare" cu ei, Comisia Europeana le spune sa se mai (ras)gandesca.Cunoscutul scriitor anticomunist Vladimir Bukovski, un vizionar in multe privinte - de exemplu, el a previzionat ca migratiile tiganilor vor distruge principiile UE mai repede decat se crede - a prezentat deja proiectia statului supranational european care incearca sa preia rolul fostei URSS, intr-un eseu remarcabil. "Scopul modestei mele lucrari - scrie Bukovski, neimpacatul luptator cu sistemele comuniste mascate sub diverse forme - este de a arata cum sub actiunea acestor forte, o Piata comuna de state libere si suverane s-a transformat incetul cu incetul in schita unei noi URSS, una diferita de cea veche, mai soft si in perfecta adecvare cu ideile dominante ale epocii noastre, pe care le deturneaza in vederea construirii unui sistem final, la fel de patogen si liberticid, precum si modelul ei". Socialistii UE, "cu fata umana", se folosesc astazi, spre deosebire de marxisti, de forme mai sofisticate de dominare. Daca teroristii marxist-leninisti "trageau cu mitraliera in obrazul lui Hristos", in numele proletariatului revolutionar si al egalitatii maselor, in prezent, afirma Bukovski, notiunile acestea au fost inlocuite cu egalitatea in drepturi si conceptul "minoritatilor oprimate", mai ales a celor sexuale, folosite ca instrumente de tortura asupra statelor conservatoare. Din acest punct de vedere, Irlanda, unul dintre cele mai religioase state europene, are toate motivele sa spuna "NU!". Desi aproape eludat in restul Europei, subiectul identitatii nationale si religioase a fost unul dintre cele mai aprins dezbatute in Irlanda. Se pare ca irlandezii nu au putut uita ca si primul proiect de reforma a actualei structuri politico-economice europene - Constitutia UE - a cazut dupa ce liderii crestini din Uniune, Papa Ioan Paul al II-lea, Patriarhul Teoctist si Arhiepiscopul Christodoulos au cerut, in van, stipularea in document a radacinilor crestine ale Europei.La momentul votului pentru Constitutia UE, Danielle Mitterrand, sotia fostului presedinte francez, spunea: "Constitutia europeana institutionalizeaza un sistem care face din om un subiect economic, un sistem care genereaza si mai multa saracie, somaj, poluare... Acest tratat instituie o alta dictatura pe care noi nu o vrem". Si a cazut; chiar in Franta.Pentru a preintampina insa astfel de momente penibile si in ce priveste noul proiect, rebotezat Tratatul de la Lisabona, Guvernul UE a solicitat schimbarea consultarii populare, deci a bazei democratiei, cu votul in Parlamente. Asa a trecut si la noi: ca prin branza. Daca luam la scarmanat onor parlamentarii sau biata natiune desconsiderata ma indoiesc ca macar 1% are cunostinta despre esenta acestui Tratat. Este normal? NU!, dupa cum au spus irlandezii evocand in dezbaterea pentru Referendum si acest argument. Pe langa aceasta a contat, desigur, pierderea aproape completa a suveranitatii nationale prin infiintarea posturilor de "presedinte" si ministru de Externe al UE, ca si micsorarea numarului de ministri/comisari de la 27 la 18, in defavoarea statelor mai mici. Cu alte cuvinte, unii vor fi mai egali decat altii.Bukovski mai releva ca, analizand documente sustrase din Arhivele secrete moscovite, reiese ca ideea "Casei comune europene", in care Europa de Est sa-si dea mana democratic cu Europa Occidentala in folosul Noii Rusii apartine de fapt ultimului presedinte al URSS, Mihail Gorbaciov. Ea a fost prezentata intai in martie 1987 si relansata apoi, intr-un discurs sustinut chiar in plenul Adunarii Generale a Consiliului Europei, in 1989. Dupa care imperiul sovietic s-a rematerializat si s-a nascut noua UE, o a doua URSS, spune Bukovski. Un avertisment de care ar trebui sa tinem seama.